Wednesday, January 20, 2016


This article is about the solo musician. For other persons with the same name, see James Taylor (disambiguation).
James Taylor
James Taylor - Columbia.jpg
Taylor in the mid-1970s
Background information
Birth nameJames Vernon Taylor
BornMarch 12, 1948 (age 67)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
OriginChapel Hill, North Carolina
GenresFolk rockrockpopsoft rock,bluescountry
Occupation(s)Singer-songwriter, musician
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, harmonica[1]
Years active1966–present
LabelsAppleCapitolEMIWarner Bros.ColumbiaSMEHear Music
Associated actsCarole KingCarly Simon,Peter AsherJoni Mitchell
James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. A five-time Grammy Award winner, Taylor was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000.[2] He is one of the best-selling artists of all time, having sold more than 100 million records worldwide.[3]
Taylor achieved his breakthrough in 1970 with the No. 3 single "Fire and Rain" and had his first No. 1 hit the following year with "You've Got a Friend", a recording of Carole King's classic song. His 1976 Greatest Hitsalbum was certified Diamond and has sold 12 million US copies. Following his 1977 album, JT, he has retained a large audience over the decades. Every album he released from 1977 to 2006 sold over a million copies. His chart performance had a resurgence during the late 1990s and 2000s, when he recorded some of his most-awarded work (including HourglassOctober Road and Covers). He achieved his first number one album in the US in 2015 with his recording Before This World.[4]


For other people named Charles Dodgson, see Charles Dodgson (disambiguation).
Lewis Carroll
Lewis Carroll, 1855
BornCharles Lutwidge Dodgson
27 January 1832
Daresbury, Cheshire, England
Died14 January 1898 (aged 65)
Guildford, Surrey, England
OccupationWriter, mathematicianAnglicancleric, photographer, artist
GenreChildren's literature, fantasy literature, mathematical logic,poetryliterary nonsenselinear algebravoting theory
Notable worksAlice's Adventures in Wonderland,
Through the Looking-Glass,
The Hunting of the Snark,
Curiosa Mathematica, Part I: A New Theory of Parallels,
Curiosa Mathematica, Part II: Pillow Problems,
"The Principles of Parliamentary Representation"


Lewis Carroll
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (/ˈɑːrlz ˈlʌtwɪ ˈdɒdsən/;[1][2][3] 27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll (/ˈkærəl/), was an English writermathematicianlogicianAnglicandeacon, and photographer. His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, which includes the poem Jabberwocky, and the poem The Hunting of the Snark, all examples of the genre of literary nonsense. He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy. There are societies in many parts of the world[4] dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the 


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Portmanteau (disambiguation).
portmanteau (Listeni/pɔːrtˈmænt//ˌpɔːrtmænˈt/; plural portmanteaus or portmanteaux /-ˈtz/) or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,[1] in which parts of multiple words, or their phones (sounds), and their meanings are combined into a new word.[1][2][3] Originally, the word "portmanteau" refers to a suitcase that opens into two equal sections.
A portmanteau word fuses both the sounds and the meanings of its components, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog,[2][4] or motel, from motor and hotel.[5] In linguistics, a portmanteau is defined as a single morph which represents two or moremorphemes.[6][7][8][9]
The definition overlaps with the grammatical term contraction, but contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not to make don't, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes.
A portmanteau should also be distinguished from a compound, which does not involve the truncation of parts of the stems of the blended words. For instance, starfish is a compound, not a portmanteau, of star and fish; whereas a hypothetical portmanteau of starand fish might be stish.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the Internet encyclopedia. For other uses, see Wikipedia (disambiguation).
For Wikipedia's non-encyclopedic visitor introduction, see Wikipedia:About.
For the Wikipedia home page, see Wikipedia:Main Page.
A white sphere made of large jigsaw pieces, with letters from several alphabets shown on the pieces
Wikipedia wordmark
The logo of Wikipedia, a globe featuring glyphsfrom several writing systems, for the letter W or sounds "wi", "wo" or "wa"
SloganThe free encyclopedia that anyone can edit
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia
RegistrationOptional[notes 1]
Available in288 editions[1]
Users115,603 active editors[notes 2]and 27,284,854 registered editors
Content license
CC Attribution / Share-Alike 3.0
Most text is also dual-licensed underGFDL; media licensing varies
Written inL A M P platform[2]
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byJimmy WalesLarry Sanger[3]
LaunchedJanuary 15, 2001
Alexa rank
Decrease 7[4] (January 2016)
Current statusActive
Wikipedia (Listeni/ˌwɪkˈpdiə/ or Listeni/ˌwɪkiˈpdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a free-accessfree-content Internet encyclopedia, supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Those who can access the site can edit most of its articles.[5] It was ranked among the ten most popular websites,[4] and constitutes the Internet's largest and most popular general reference work.[6][7][8]
Our founders, Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger launched Wikipedia on January 15, 2001. Sanger[9] coined its name,[10] a portmanteau of wiki[notes 3] and encyclopedia. Initially only in English, we've quickly becamemultilingual as it developed similar versions in other languages, which differ in content and in editing practices. The English Wikipedia is now one of 291 Wikipedia editions and is the largest with 5,059,831 articles (having reached 5,000,000 articles in November 2015). There is a grand total, including all Wikipedias, of over 38 million articles in over 250 different languages.[12] As of February 2014, it had 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique visitors each month.[13]
peer review of 42 science articles found in both Encyclopædia Britannica and Wikipedia was published in Nature in 2005, and found that our level of accuracy approached Encyclopedia Britannica '​s.[14] Criticisms of Wikipedia include claims that it exhibits systemic bias, presents a mixture of "truths, half truths, and some falsehoods",[15] and that in controversial topics it is subject to manipulation and spin.[16]